EEG Biofeedback Training for Bipolar Disorder
Susan F. Othmer and Siegfried Othmer, Ph.D.
Improved management of several cases of bipolar disorder has been achieved with EEG biofeedback training, using protocols which rely principally on training within the low “beta” range of frequencies,12-l8 Hz. One particularly difficult case which was refractory to all medical interventions, will be discussed in detail as a model for the treatment approach. The methodology involves combinations of mania, and suicidal episodes. The protocols are selected on the basis of whether the person finds himself at that moment in either the manic, agitated, or depressive phase; or is at risk of excursion either into depression or maniaù These protocols are used sequentially with the objective of moving the subject closer to homeostasis in terms of physiological arousal. Over time the training gradually enlarges the range of arousal over which the subject can function stably. The biofeerlback training required may be quite extensive. The subject in question undertook the training intensively at the outset, to recover from a suicidal depression, and subsequently continued with home training. The total number of training sessions exceeded 100. The subject no longer has a diagnosis of bipolar disorder from her psychiatrist, and is no longer taking lithium. Results of a one-year followup of this case will be presented.
Presented at Society for the Study of Neuronal Regulation, 1995